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When you have a reaction that is not first order and you want to determine one of the reactant's concentration, you can use a pseudo-first-order reaction in which one of the reactants is in great excess, essentially remaining constant as the reaction progresses. This allows you to determine concentration using a first order reaction.
Essentially, because the concentration of one reactant is so high, we can neglect the excess reactant to make the rate law easier to work with. So for a second order reaction involving two concentrations, if one of the concentrations is high, we can ignore it, and say the reaction is a pseudo first order reaction where the reaction only depends on one reactant.
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