"Slow" Step Only?

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Grace Boyd 2F
Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:01 am

"Slow" Step Only?

Postby Grace Boyd 2F » Mon Mar 05, 2018 7:43 pm

Why do we only consider reactants in the slow step when determining the rate law? Why don't we include the fast step reactants? Thank you.

Matthew Lin 2C
Posts: 30
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: "Slow" Step Only?

Postby Matthew Lin 2C » Mon Mar 05, 2018 7:55 pm

A reaction can only proceed as fast as its slowest step and thus only the slow step contributes to the reaction rate and thus also rate law. Hope this helps!

Yixin Angela Wang 2H
Posts: 51
Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:00 am

Re: "Slow" Step Only?

Postby Yixin Angela Wang 2H » Mon Mar 05, 2018 10:03 pm

Dr. Lavelle gave a baking example today. If it takes 30 minutes for all the other steps of cookie-making but 45 minutes to bake the cookies, then no matter how much dough you prepare you can only make cookies as fast as the oven will bake them.

Jennifer Ho 1K
Posts: 31
Joined: Thu Jul 13, 2017 3:00 am

Re: "Slow" Step Only?

Postby Jennifer Ho 1K » Tue Mar 06, 2018 12:28 am

Once the reaction reaches the slow step, the slow step is the only part of the reaction that stops the reaction from proceeding, so the slow step determines the overall rate of reaction, as the fast steps proceed fast enough that they are negligible in comparison to the slow step in the rate of reaction.

Harjas Sabharwal 1G
Posts: 42
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:01 am

Re: "Slow" Step Only?

Postby Harjas Sabharwal 1G » Tue Mar 06, 2018 1:00 am

The rest of the reaction proceeds much faster than the slow step, hence the slow step is the only thing holding every thing back. For example, if you have a bunch of funnels that pour water into each other. The smallest funnel hole will determine how fast the water flows even if the funnels before and after are bigger.

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