determining a catalyst

Arrhenius Equation:

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determining a catalyst

Postby CNourian2H » Sat Mar 14, 2020 1:26 pm

I am confused on how to determine if something is a catalyst. If you are given a reaction or multiple steps for a reaction, how do you know what the catalyst is?

JonathanS 1H
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Re: determining a catalyst

Postby JonathanS 1H » Sat Mar 14, 2020 1:31 pm

One defining quality of a catalyst is that it is not used up during the course of a reaction. In the mechanism, it will be includes, but on both sides of a certain step. Also, is the activation energy for a specific reaction is lowered, it is likely there is a catalyst involved in the reaction.

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Re: determining a catalyst

Postby Jared_Yuge » Sat Mar 14, 2020 1:34 pm

If the reactant is included both in the initial reactants and the products of the final step then it is a catalyst, because it is used in the reaction but is reformed by the end

Norman Dis4C
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Re: determining a catalyst

Postby Norman Dis4C » Sat Mar 14, 2020 4:16 pm

A catalyst is used up and formed or stays intact throughout the reaction.

Sofia Ban
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Re: determining a catalyst

Postby Sofia Ban » Sat Mar 14, 2020 4:35 pm

It is also important to distinguish between a catalyst and an intermediate in that one (the catalyst) is consumed by a step but regenerated by a later step; the other (intermediate) is created by a step but consumed by a later step.

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Re: determining a catalyst

Postby JosephineF » Sat Mar 14, 2020 6:01 pm

The catalyst is not created by the reaction but is also not present in the final balance equation because it gets canceled out. An intermediate is essentially the same except it is created by the reaction and is then used up and canceled out by the next mechanism. So it too is not in the final balanced equation.

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