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When a photon hits a metal surface, an electron is only occasionally emitted. I forget, does the energy of the photon have to be greater than or equal to the energy of the electron in order for the electron to be emitted? Thanks.
Yes, in order for a photon to be emitted, the energy of the incoming photon must be equal to or greater than the threshold energy (the minimum energy it takes to eject one electron). Any "excess" energy is considered the kinetic energy of the ejected electron.
the energy has to be greater than or equal to the threshold energy or an electron will not be emitted. by having the energy of the photon be greater or equal to the energy of the electron this excess or equivalency of energy is converted to kinetic energy that is exhibited in the emitting of the electron from the metal
The energy of the photon has to be greater or equal to the threshold energy. In the experiment, they shined UV light on metal to get an idea if its enough energy to remove an electron from the sheet. Which led us to the equation Energy (Kinetic)+ Energy (energy to remove electron)= Energy of the photon.
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