Textbook Problem 1B.15

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Arieanne De Guzman 2J
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Textbook Problem 1B.15

Postby Arieanne De Guzman 2J » Fri Oct 30, 2020 9:46 pm

"1B.15 The velocity of an electron that is emitted from a metallic surface by a photon is 3.6 x10^3 km/s . (a) What is the wavelength of the ejected electron? (b) No electrons are emitted from the surface of the metal until the frequency of the radiation reaches 2.50 x10^16 Hz. How much energy is required to remove the electron from the metal surface? (c) What is the wavelength of the radiation that caused pho- toejection of the electron? (d) What kind of electromagnetic radiation was used?"

I was able to get part a, but I couldn't seem to get the correct answers for the other parts. I don't think I am understanding the problem correctly. Can anyone explain the steps for b and c please?

StephanieIb
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Re: Textbook Problem 1B.15

Postby StephanieIb » Fri Oct 30, 2020 10:01 pm

For b, you need to use hv=work function + 0(for KE). Then, multiply h by frequency to get your answer (1.66x10^-17 J). For C, use E= work function + 1/2mv^2. Add your work function (1.66x10^-17) and 1/2(9.109x10^-31kg)(3.6x10^6 m/sec)^2. Yous should get 2.25x10^-17 J as your E(pho). Then, using E=hV, divide energy(2.25x10^-17) by h to get the frequency. You should get 3.3957 x10^16 Hz. Then to get wavelength, use wavelength=C/V. You should get 8.8x10^-9m.

Annie Tong 2G
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Re: Textbook Problem 1B.15

Postby Annie Tong 2G » Fri Oct 30, 2020 10:11 pm

b) Use the equation hv = work function + 0 (KE). Substitute in v = 2.50 x 10^16 Hz to get work function = 1.66 x 10^-17.
c) Use the equation E = 1/2mv^2 + work function. Use the answer from part b) to substitute work function and v (velocity) = 3.6 x 10^6 m/s (make sure to convert km to m!) and m = electron's mass = 9.109 x 10^-31 kg. After you get E, use the equation wavelength = hc/E to find the wavelength.

Hope this helped!

Halle Villalobos 3E
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Re: Textbook Problem 1B.15

Postby Halle Villalobos 3E » Sat Oct 31, 2020 3:15 pm

Hi! For part b, you would use and plug in the given values to get . For part c, the photon must have enough energy to eject the electron and cause it to move at . To find the energy of the photon, add the value found in part a to its kinetic energy , which will give you . Remember to convert the velocity from km/s to m/s! To find the wavelength, use the equation to get 8.8nm. For part d, we know it is in the x-ray/gamma ray region based off the value found in part c. I hope this helps!

Brandon Carris
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Re: Textbook Problem 1B.15

Postby Brandon Carris » Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:16 pm

for part b use einstein's equation (e = hv). V is given and h is Heisenberg's constant.


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