## equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

$\lambda=\frac{h}{p}$

Tina Wen 1G
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### equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

During Friday class the professor mentioned E=hv only applies to light and lambda=h/p applies to everything else with mass but light? I wonder why is that?

Ellie Tsang 1I
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

I'm confused about that too. I read that light doesn't have mass because it's made up of photons, which is massless and only energy and momentum. The momentum equation involves mass, so I don't get how a photon is massless.

QuincyH1G
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

Does light even have momentum?

Fiona Grant 1I
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

I don't think that light has momentum (p), because p = mv, and while light has velocity, it does not have mass. So the equation would not apply in this case. I am not sure though.

Jack Martinyan 1L
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

The photon is a massless particle. According to theory it has energy and momentum but no mass, and this is confirmed by experiments. Light carries momentum and will exert pressure on a surface. This is not evidence that it has mass since momentum can exist without mass. Sometimes people like to say that the photon does have mass because a photon has energy E = hv where h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the photon. Energy is equivalent to mass according to Einstein's formula E = mc2. They also say that a photon has momentum, and momentum p is related to mass m by p = mv. These formulas are referring to "relativistic mass", an old concept that can cause confusion. Relativistic mass is a measure of the energy E of a particle, which changes with velocity. Relativistic mass is not usually called the mass of a particle, so it is wrong to say the photon has mass in this way. In modern terminology, the mass of an object is its invariant mass, which is zero for a photon.

Moris 1H
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

How can something have momentum without mass? if mass is 0 wouldn't momentum also be 0?

Kalsuda Lapborisuth 1B
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

But if light has momentum as you said, wouldn't De Brogile's wave equation be applicable to photon also? I would like further clarification
on whether lambda=h/p applies to photon particles or not.

Jack Martinyan 1L
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

It does not apply to photons

Chem_Mod
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### Re: equations that apply to light only/everything else but light

Moris 1H wrote:How can something have momentum without mass? if mass is 0 wouldn't momentum also be 0?

Think of it as energy momentum.

In class I gave the example of light hitting the surface of a leaf. When sunlight hits a plant leaf energy is transferred (and there is a relationship between energy and momentum).

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