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Hey guys, I had a question about when to use the De Broglie equation. When you're solving a photoelectric effect problem and the wavelength of an ejected electron is given, do you still have to use the De Broglie equation rather than the E=ch/(wavelength) equation? I think the latter is only for photons and nothing else. So does that mean that even when it's a photoelectric effect problem, the ejected electron's wavelength is found with De Broglie? I would just get confused because I'd always associate this type of problem with the E=ch/(wavelength) equation. Any info would be really helpful!
If given the wavelength of an ejected electron, you would use the DeBroglie equation because the electron has mass. You could figure out the velocity and then from there figure out the kinetic energy and relate that back to the incident light, depending on what the question asks for. You are correct that E=ch/(wavelength) is only used for photons.
Hope this helps!
Hope this helps!
Yup, just always associate DeBroglie's with electrons since they have mass and light does not. Typically when you also see an electron's velocity in the problem you will most likely have to use DeBroglie's wave equation at some point as well.
As previously stated by the other commenters, you use de Broglie with electrons since electrons have a mass while photons do not use de Broglie as they have no mass. Instead, you would use e = hc/lambda for photons, which is E = hv and c = lambda(v) combined. In c = lambda(v), v is isolated to give v = c/lambda, and this is plugged in for v in E = hv. Hope this helps!
You only use E=hc/lambda for finding the energy of photons, since this equation doesn't have mass. Something helpful for me to remember is that whenever there is just an E in our equation sheet (not Ek or En), the equation is for photons. To find the energy of an electron or something else with mass, you would have to use Ek=1/2mv^2.
Usually when I see a question that indicates a velocity or speed of an electron, I know to use the de broglie equation. It is also helpful to know that electrons have a mass and photons do not, so you know that you can use m*v to find the momentum and apply this to the de broglie equation.
There are a couple ways of using DeBroigle's euqation, first if you are given a wavelength and are asked to calculate the velocity of an ejected electron. Second if you are given the velocity and asked to calculate the wavelength of an ejected electron.
Yes when the question is referring to an electron you use the De Broglie Equation because the electron has mass and is not traveling at the speed of light like a photon would be doing so you cannot use the equation with the constant c.
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