Definition of Orbitals

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Definition of Orbitals

Postby Eliza_Beglari_2L » Fri Oct 14, 2016 1:31 pm

Are spdf referred to as subshells or orbitals? Do orbitals mean m?

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Re: Definition of Orbitals

Postby Tyler_Ash_3C » Fri Oct 14, 2016 3:03 pm

S, P, D, and F are subshells of an electron shell (n). Each subshell is further divided into orbitals. Each orbital can contain up to two electrons. S subshells (1s, 2s, 3s...) have one orbital. P subshells (2p, 3p, 4p...) have three orbitals. D subshells have 5 orbitals, and F subshells have 7 orbitals. The number of electrons that can exist within a specific subshell is equal to twice the number of orbitals it has. So S subshells can have up to 2 electrons, P subshells can have up to 6 electrons and so on. The quantum number ml does refer to the number of orbitals in a given subshell.

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