#electrons

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704709603
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Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:59 pm

#electrons

Postby 704709603 » Tue Nov 22, 2016 2:12 pm

Hi
Why can there only be 2 electrons in an atom if n=5, l=3, ml=-1 and also if n=2, l is 1 and ml is 0?

How do you show that momentum is proportional to the number of cycles per meter?

Thank you!

Cliff Danza 3F
Posts: 20
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:57 pm
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Re: #electrons

Postby Cliff Danza 3F » Tue Nov 22, 2016 2:29 pm

In regards to the number of electrons, the reason there can only be 2 electrons in the subshells of the example is because they specify a ml value. For example if all it said was n=3, then that would describe a possible 28 electrons (because of all the s,p,d orbitals and the electrons they hold). If it specified n=3 and l=1, it would describe a possible number of 6 electrons (because now we are only looking at the p-orbital in the 3rd shell). If it specified n=3 and l=1 and ml=1, then there can be at most 2 electrons with those 'coordinates', because we are only looking at the 3rd shell p-orbital y-axis (where one electron has positive spin and one has negative spin). This is the Pauli Exclusion principle. Hope this helps answer the first part of the question.


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