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Problem 2.47

Posted: Wed Jul 12, 2017 7:21 am
For each of the following ground-state atoms, predict the type of orbital (1s, 2p, 3d, 4f, etc.) from which an electron will be removed to form the +1 ion: (a) Ge; (b) Mn; (c) Ba; (d) Au.

The answers are: (a) 4p; (b) 4s; (c) 6s; (d) 6s

What method should I use to get the correct answers?

Re: Problem 2.47

Posted: Wed Jul 12, 2017 9:03 am
Write the electron configuration of each and typically the last orbital will not be completely filled, so that will be the orbital the electron will be removed from.

Re: Problem 2.47

Posted: Sat Jul 15, 2017 8:53 am
Be sure that when removing electrons, the electrons from the ns state are removed first before removing those from the (n-1)d state. (e.g. 4s state electrons before 3d electrons)

Re: Problem 2.47

Posted: Tue Oct 23, 2018 7:04 pm
Paul Wong1B wrote:Be sure that when removing electrons, the electrons from the ns state are removed first before removing those from the (n-1)d state. (e.g. 4s state electrons before 3d electrons)

what this means is, for example in B, 3d^5 comes before 4s^2 when written out, so since 4s^2 is in front that is the orbital you would be using