Electrostatic potential energy

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Riya Shah 4H
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Joined: Wed May 02, 2018 3:00 am

Electrostatic potential energy

Postby Riya Shah 4H » Fri Oct 19, 2018 9:47 pm

What is the significance of the equation E is directly proportional to q1q2/r ?

Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:25 am

Re: Electrostatic potential energy

Postby MinaChoi_3H » Sat Oct 20, 2018 12:16 am

One thing is that the equation reflects the inverse relationship between E (electrostatic potential energy) and r (distance between charges). This relationship demonstrates how the inner e- shield outer e- from the electrostatic attraction of the positive nucleus ∴ outer e- feel a reduced electrostatic attraction, which results in an effective nuclear charge. This is why s-electrons have a lower energy than p-electrons in the same shell and within a shell the order is: s < p < d < f.

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