Atomic Orbitals

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Atomic Orbitals

Postby 305113590 » Sun Oct 21, 2018 8:10 pm

What do the different orbitals (s, p, d, f) mean and its relationship with the periodic table? For example, n=3.

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Re: Atomic Orbitals

Postby Maya_Peterson1C » Sun Oct 21, 2018 9:03 pm

The s, p,d,and f orbitals correspond to the main types of shapes of the atomic orbitals. For example, the s orbitals are in the shape of a sphere and the p orbitals are two lobes with a nodal plane through the center. The periodic table is also split up in to s, p, d, and f blocks in which the valence electrons (with the highest energy) have the corresponding orbital type. The principle quantum number n correlates to the row in which the atom is located on the periodic table. For example, if n=3, the atom would be in the 3rd row of the periodic table.

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Re: Atomic Orbitals

Postby chrisdinkel_4E » Sun Oct 21, 2018 9:54 pm

The orbitals are also relevant with energy levels. For example, s-electrons have a lower energy state than p-electrons in the same shell.
Within the shell, the order is s<p<d<f.

Brian Chang 2H
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Re: Atomic Orbitals

Postby Brian Chang 2H » Mon Oct 22, 2018 11:11 am

The possible orbitals are determined by the quantum number (n) with the formula l=n-1 (for the upper limit) and 0 at the lower limit.

Where, l=0 is an s-orbital
l=1 is a p-orbital
l=2 is a d-orbital
l=3 is a f-orbital

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