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determining types of orbitals (?)

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 3:31 pm
by Doris Cho 1D
i was kind of confused from friday's lecture but, for example, how do you get that Carbon is 1s^2 2s^2 2p^2 or that Sc is 3d^1 4s^2?

Re: determining types of orbitals (?)

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 3:44 pm
by Kurtis Liang 3I
groups 1 and 2 are s, groups 3-12 are d, and groups 13-18 are p. The inner transition elements that are placed separately are part the f subshell. Within the groups, you can count the numbers in to determine the subscript

Re: determining types of orbitals (?)

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 3:47 pm
by Brandon Valafar
You have to go based on the orbitals and their "blocks" on the periodic table. If you look up a periodic table for orbitals it should help on how to go about it.

Re: determining types of orbitals (?)

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 9:16 pm
by Sydney Pell 2E
If you remember the blocks on the periodic table as previously mentioned, you can write the electron configuration of the elements. You mostly need to remember that the electrons will fill up the smaller shells first until all the orbitals are full and then will expand to larger shells.

Re: determining types of orbitals (?)

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 9:21 pm
by Sjeffrey_1C
Also during lecture, he provided some specific things you just need to know regarding orbitals. I'd recommend going through those and making sure you know those as they might help.