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s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 6:18 pm
by Kimberly Bauer 4E
When talking about these orbitals, what does it mean when it says the electron is in 2px state?

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 6:24 pm
by Anish Patel 4B
In the p shell, there are 3 orbitals in which electrons can exist: px, py, and pz. The subscript tells you how the orbital is oriented where px is located along the x-axis. The 2 in front says that the electron exists in the second level of the p subshell and in the first orbital.

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 6:26 pm
by nshahwan 1L
2px: 2 level; p orbital; x-axis

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 7:31 pm
by Giselle Littleton 1F
"2" describes the shell, "p" describes the subshell, while the subscripts (x,y,z) tell you what axis.

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 8:01 pm
by Deana Moghaddas 3E
x y z shows the axis on the orbitals

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 8:16 pm
by Nuoya Jiang
n=2, (principle quantum number, shell); l=1, (subshell is p); x describes the axis of the orbital.

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 8:20 pm
by Robert Cross 1A
Thank you for the clarification. This is helpful :)

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 9:01 pm
by Kennedi2J
Can anyone explain how to list the orbitals for an element. Dr. Lavelle went over it in lecture but he did not explain the process fully.

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 9:38 pm
by MeeraBhagat
Kennedi3K wrote:Can anyone explain how to list the orbitals for an element. Dr. Lavelle went over it in lecture but he did not explain the process fully.

They follow the order of the periodic table. Hydrogen and Helium are in the first row, and have electrons in the s-block. The next two elements in the second row are in the second energy level and fill the 2s shell. The next six elements in the second row fill the p shell. You list them in order of increasing energy. For example, for the element Chlorine, the full notation would be 1s^22s^22p63s^23p^5

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 11:16 pm
by Nick Lewis 4F
I have a general question. The electron density distributions were illustrated for s p and d orbitals. What exactly do these show? For example, p-orbitals show 2 lobes on either side of the nucleus. Can electrons be found anywhere within the lobe on either side, or is it just on the border of these lobes? I'm just trying to gain a better general understanding of what this looks like conceptually.

Re: s-, p-, d- ,f- orbitals

Posted: Sun Oct 20, 2019 11:23 pm
by Alison Trinh 1E
Just to clarify, why are s, p, d, and f orbitals categorized like this? Is it because of their differences in their nodal planes, number of orbitals, energy levels, etc.? Thank you!