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S-orbitals symmetry

Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 10:06 am
by Anisha Chandra 1K
How come s-orbitals are symmetrical but p-orbitals aren't? Aren't the 2 lobes of p-orbitals roughly the same? Can't an electron be found at any position in both types of orbitals?

Re: S-orbitals symmetry

Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 10:20 am
by Aayush Patel 3B
The s- orbital is symmetrical because it has no nodal planes. Therefore, there it has a symmetric e- potential distribution. The p- orbital has two lobes on either side of the nucleus, creating a nodal plane with a px, py, pz axes.

Re: S-orbitals symmetry

Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 2:42 pm
by Ethan Lam 4A
The s-orbital is also symmetric because it has sphere properties.

Re: S-orbitals symmetry

Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 4:39 pm
by ahuang
The sizes of the two lobes of the p orbitals are different sizes, so px, py, and pz are different

Re: S-orbitals symmetry

Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 5:05 pm
by Claire Stoecklein 1E
Electrons in the s-orbital are equally likely to be found at any point in the sphere, therefore s-orbitals have symmetric probability distributions. A p-orbital shape itself is not asymmetric, but because the shape is not a sphere, an electron is more likely to be found further from the nuclear, so the probably distribution is not symmetrical.