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Orbitals are regions of space where it is likely for an electron to be found. This concept is somewhat confusing, because electrons have both wave and particle like properties. So, you can think of orbitals as regions where an electron exists. Also, yes there are more hypothetical orbitals above f, but we aren't required to learn about them in this course.
To add onto everyone else, also as you go higher up in atomic numbers on the periodic table the number of orbitals increases (more electrons) and the letters do as well. There's a specific order and the letters don't always go in order.
I was wondering if anyone could clarify how orbitals relate to the wave function in Schrodinger's equation, and how uncertainty plays into that? That's my only personal understanding of the connection between uncertainty and probability of the electrons being within that specific space.
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