Orbital vs. Subshell

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JakeSaum_1A
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Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby JakeSaum_1A » Mon Oct 26, 2020 11:46 am

What's the difference between an orbital and a sub shell?

Emmeline Phu 1G
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Emmeline Phu 1G » Mon Oct 26, 2020 11:55 am

Hi! Subshells would be for example 2p which has a maximum of three orbitals. Each orbital in the 2p subshell holds up to two electrons. Essentially, orbitals make up a subshell. Hope this helps! :)

Megan Sparrow 1A
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Megan Sparrow 1A » Mon Oct 26, 2020 11:56 am

The main difference between shell subshell and orbital is that shells are made up of electrons that share the same principal quantum number. Subshells are composed of electrons that share the same angular momentum quantum number (l), whereas orbitals are made up of electrons that are in the same energy level but have different spins.

Ria Nawathe 1C
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Ria Nawathe 1C » Mon Oct 26, 2020 11:57 am

Within a particular energy level (n), all electrons with the same angular momentum quantum number (l) are in the same sub-shell, and all electrons with the same n, l, and ml (magnetic quantum number) are in the same orbital.

Here's an explanation with a helpful graphic:

https://chemistry.stackexchange.com/que ... d-orbitals

Hope this helps!
Last edited by Ria Nawathe 1C on Mon Oct 26, 2020 12:42 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Annika Tamaki 1E
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Annika Tamaki 1E » Mon Oct 26, 2020 12:01 pm

An atomic orbital is defined as a region of space in which there is a high probability of finding an electron in an atom (s, p, d, f). A subshell is all the atomic orbitals of an atom that have the same l value. Hope this helps!

DMaya_2G
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby DMaya_2G » Thu Oct 29, 2020 3:17 pm

A subshell is divided into orbitals. An orbital is basically an area of space where an electron can be found. Only two electrons are workable per orbital.

Alen Huang 2G
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Alen Huang 2G » Sat Oct 31, 2020 10:40 pm

A subshell would be like 2p and orbital would be the state that the electron is in such as 2px

Leyla Anwar 3B
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Leyla Anwar 3B » Sat Oct 31, 2020 11:57 pm

What is the difference between a shell and a sub-shell? And which is the orbital within?

Kaiya_PT_1H
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Kaiya_PT_1H » Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:22 am

Leyla Anwar 1C wrote:What is the difference between a shell and a sub-shell? And which is the orbital within?


As Megan said above, shells include electrons with the same principal quantum number (n). I believe this could also be called the energy level. subshells are the different configurations within the shell, which are reflected by the quantum number l. For example, the 2p subshell would include all 3 of the different hourglass-shaped configurations he showed diagrams of last Friday. An orbital is within a subshell, so in the 2p example one of the orbitals would be 2px (one of the hourglass-shaped configurations).

Kiara Phillips 3L
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Kiara Phillips 3L » Sun Nov 01, 2020 10:45 am

The best way I can explain it is that sub-shells are a part of shells and each sub-shell contains at least one orbital and orbitals can hold 2 electrons (maximum).

Serena Song 1A
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Serena Song 1A » Sun Nov 01, 2020 2:57 pm

Each subshell has 1 or more or orbitals. Within an orbital, there's a high probability that an electron can be found. Also depending on the type of subshell, the number and shape of orbitals changes. (s subshells have 1 orbital, p subshells have 3 orbitals, d subshells have 5 orbitals, and f subshells have 7 orbitals.)

FionaHunter21
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby FionaHunter21 » Sun Nov 01, 2020 2:59 pm

So there are only 4 possible subshells, which would be s, p, d, and f?

Alan Huang 1E
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Alan Huang 1E » Sun Nov 01, 2020 3:07 pm

Subshells would be like s, p, d, f.
Orbitals depend on which subshell.
S has 1 orbital
P has 3 orbitals
D has 5 orbitals
F has 7 orbitals

Keshav Patel 14B 2B
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Re: Orbital vs. Subshell

Postby Keshav Patel 14B 2B » Sun Nov 01, 2020 7:03 pm

S, P, D, and F are all subshells and within each sub shell you have an amount of orbitals. In S there is one orbital which has 2 electrons, P has 3 orbitals that can have 6 electrons, D has 5 orbitals which can have 10 electrons and finally f has 7 orbitals which can have a total of 14 electrons.


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