7 posts • Page 1 of 1
Will we have to know in depth how to tell which atom has a smaller radius? I find it confusing how to determine which has a smaller radius between atoms (like oxygen) who experiences electron repulsion, atoms which has lost electrons (like Ne2-) or atoms which has gained electrons (like C2+), or like a normal atom like N.
On Sapling, the solution for question 18 was helpful to me in explaining what makes the radius smaller/larger. It basically says that the ion with the largest amount of protons has the smallest radius while the opposite is true (fewer protons = larger radius).
I think understanding the general patterns of atom radius will be good to know. For normal atoms, know that radius tends to get smaller as you move from the left to the right on the periodic table. For any ions, know that when you add more electrons, there will suddenly be more same-same negative forces that push them all out more, and the radius gets larger. This is the opposite for removing electrons.
For the most part you just want to remember that atoms get bigger as you move toward the bottom left and smaller towards the top right and as you move right along a period due to higher nuclear charges and more protons pulling the electrons closer to the center.
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest