Orbitals in an H-Atom

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Sarah Zhari 1D
Posts: 103
Joined: Sat Sep 14, 2019 12:16 am

Orbitals in an H-Atom

Postby Sarah Zhari 1D » Thu Oct 17, 2019 11:10 pm

In the textbook, it states that in a hydrogen atom, "all the orbitals of a given shell are degenerate (have the same energy)". Why do all the orbitals in a hydrogen atom have the same energy?

Camellia Liu 1J
Posts: 51
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Orbitals in an H-Atom

Postby Camellia Liu 1J » Thu Oct 17, 2019 11:34 pm

Hydrogen atoms only have one electron in an s-orbital, so there is not really any electron-to-electron repulsion occurring to differentiate between the different s, p, d, and f orbitals. In atoms with multiple electrons, the interaction between the electrons causes variations in angular components and spatial extents, causing them to have differing energies.

Posts: 52
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Orbitals in an H-Atom

Postby AndreiRekesh1I » Thu Oct 17, 2019 11:37 pm

Hydrogen only has one electron, I think it's the interactions between electrons that cause these differences in energy levels.

Ruby Richter 2L
Posts: 103
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Orbitals in an H-Atom

Postby Ruby Richter 2L » Fri Oct 18, 2019 4:29 pm

In lecture he said it's helpful to think of orbitals as functions opposed to a tangible path. So because H atoms only have one electron in an s orbital there would be no difference in energy levels and therefore only one orbital

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