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Angular Momentum Quantum Number

Posted: Fri Oct 18, 2019 1:12 pm
by Clara Cho 2K
How does the second quantum number describe shape?

Re: Angular Momentum Quantum Number

Posted: Fri Oct 18, 2019 3:08 pm
by Camellia Liu 1J
The second quantum number l is the one associated with angular momentum, which determines the shape of the electron's orbital (the subshell).

The allowed values of l are: l= 0, 1, 2, ... n-1 where:
l=0 (s- orbital); l=1 (p-orbital); l=2 (d-orbital); l=3 (f-orbital)

Re: Angular Momentum Quantum Number

Posted: Sat Oct 19, 2019 2:58 pm
by Helen Struble 2F
The second quantum number, l, describes shape because it clues us into how many radial and angular nodes are in the subshell. With the principle quantum number, n, we can figure out how many radial and angular nodes are in a subshell. N=sum of radial and angular nodes. N = n - l - 1. So, for the 3p oribital, where n=3 and l=1, we can find that N = n - l - 1 = 3 - 1 - 1= 1 node. We can confirm this because we know that the 3p orbital is dumbbell shaped, with the angular node either being the xy plane, yz plane, or xz plane.

Re: Angular Momentum Quantum Number

Posted: Sat Nov 02, 2019 9:16 pm
by Eva Zhao 4I
The Angular Momentum Quantum Number (l) describes shape by corresponding with a certain sub-shell, each of which with a unique arrangement. I hope this diagram will help you better picture what the second quantum number describes; note that not all possible variations of each sub-shell are shown in the diagram.
Image