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L indicates the particular subshell. 0 corresponds to s, 1 corresponds to p, and so on. If you know the values for l and n, then you know how many electrons are possible for that atom. For example, if l=2, then you know the atom reaches the d subshell. You then know that there are 5 orbitals for the d subshell, and 2 possible electrons per orbital, so 10 electrons total in this subshell only.
L signifies the orbital type. So each energy level (n) specifies the size of the orbital and the angular momentum (l) signifies the shape of the orbital. If the atomic orbital is s, the value of l is 0. For p: l=1, for d: l=2, f: l=3, and so on so forth. Hope this helps!
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