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Chapter 2 Question 37b

Posted: Sat Oct 22, 2016 7:08 pm
by Maya_McNealis1B
Question 37b asks whether the following statement is true or false:

"Electrons in an s-orbital are more effective than those in other orbitals at shielding other electrons from the nuclear charge because an electron in an s-orbital can penetrate to the nucleus of the atom."

The solution manual says the correct answer is true. Can someone explain why this is? I thought electrons weren't ever able to penetrate the nucleus because even at the atom's ground state they still possessed an energy value that prevented them from doing this.

Re: Chapter 2 Question 37b

Posted: Mon Oct 24, 2016 12:49 pm
by Chem_Mod
This is just a consequence of the construction of the probability distribution in quantum mechanics.Try reading page 37-39 in your book for more information.