## d orbital or s orbital first?

MichelleTran3I
Posts: 25
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

### d orbital or s orbital first?

When do you know when to begin the electron configuration with the d orbital instead of the s orbital first?

Deap Bhandal L1 S1J
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:05 am
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### Re: d orbital or s orbital first?

A d orbital with a lower n value will always go before an s orbital of a higher n value. For example, Titanium would be 3d^2 4s^2

Sophie Krylova 2J
Posts: 59
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

### Re: d orbital or s orbital first?

So is 3 d higher or lower in energy than 4 s?

Jessica Schirmer 1J
Posts: 20
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

### Re: d orbital or s orbital first?

4s is lower in energy until there are e- in the 3d orbital (that's why you fill 4s first). Once there are e- in the 3d orbita,l the 4s orbital becomes higher in energy. What helped me understand this is the fact that once there are e- in the 3d orbital they provide "shielding" for the e- in the 4s orbital. Therefore you remove e- from the 4s orbital first when creating an ion.

Angel R Morales Dis1G
Posts: 50
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:01 am

### Re: d orbital or s orbital first?

The way I remembered it is that s comes before d if d has no electrons; once it does, d always comes before s.

Nehal Banik
Posts: 64
Joined: Thu Jul 13, 2017 3:00 am

### Re: d orbital or s orbital first?

Until you reach element 19 or 20, the S will generally come before d because it is in lower energy, once the d orbital starts to get filled up, it loses its energy and is less energy than the 4s orbital, for example, scandium would have the configuration of 3d13s2 if it was coming from Argon. Make sense?