Electrostatic attraction for multi-electron atoms

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Noh_Jasmine_1J
Posts: 71
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Electrostatic attraction for multi-electron atoms

Postby Noh_Jasmine_1J » Mon Oct 22, 2018 2:23 pm

hi, i'm confused on what shielding does to the s, p, d, and f orbitals. I know that p has greater energy than s but is this talking about the electrons energy being closer to zero? also how does all of this relate to the equation: E is proportionate to (q1)(q2)/r ?

Laura Gong 3H
Posts: 89
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am
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Re: Electrostatic attraction for multi-electron atoms

Postby Laura Gong 3H » Mon Oct 22, 2018 2:31 pm

Shielding causes electron to electron repulsion, which increases the value of r which decreases the electrostatic attraction. So electrons in the p orbital compared to the s orbital experience less electrostatic attraction but their energy is not getting close to zero.

I find that the electrostatic attraction equation makes more sense when discussing periodic trends or ionization energies.


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