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Why do electrons in the s orbitals have lower energy than those in the p orbital if the e- in s orbital shield the nuclear pull from those in p. Why do the e- in p orbitals have more energy if it experiences less nuclear attachment/pull since they are further from the nucleus and are shielded? Is it because the energy is compared to a free e- which has the highest energy and so the less the pull to nucleus the closer an electron is to being free and in the highest energy state? Please clarify, thank you!
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