Page 1 of 1

Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Posted: Wed Oct 16, 2019 3:47 pm
by Cynthia Gong 1L
Can someone summarize how to tell whether an atom is in the ground state or excited state?

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Posted: Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:21 pm
by Lizette Noriega 1H
An electron is at its excited state whenever its energy level is higher than its corresponding ground state. During ground state, its electron configuration is at default whereas, during the excited state, it will jump into a high orbital

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Posted: Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:32 pm
by Qiu Ya Wu 4I
The ground state can also be described as the lowest possible energy level that the atom can occupy and can be represented in a hydrogen atom when n=1 as -hR.

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Posted: Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:36 pm
by WesleyWu_1C
By using the periodic table we can determine the electron configuration for the ground state for any atom of any element. So just compare this electron configuration to the electron configuration of the same atom to see if the atom is in its ground state.