3 posts • Page 1 of 1
I know that every orbital (represented by the first three quantum numbers) can support up to 2 electrons. However, s-, p-, d-, and f- orbitals have different shapes, so why is the number electrons for each orbital consistently two?
The reason that each orbital is limited to two electrons is because of electron-electron repulsion. The reason that two electrons can coexist in an orbital is because they have opposite spins, which is the lowest energy state. Since there are only two states that electrons can exist in an orbital, there can only be two electrons in the orbital.
As stated above, there are only two electrons in each due to the repulsion of negatively charged electrons and their opposite spins. It is also important to remember that the "shape" of the orbitals is not actually a true shape, but rather a representation of a math function showing the probability of finding an electron.
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest