d5 in electron configurations
Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 12:51 pm
For the ion Ru3+ the solutions manual states that the electron configuration is [Kr]4d^5 instead of [Kr]4d^35 s^2. Can someone explain why the orbitals are taken from the s orbital instead of the d orbital?
Re: d5 in electron configurations
Posted: Sun Oct 27, 2019 2:38 pm
When an atom is ionized, electrons are alway removed from the outermost shell. In this example, Ru3+, the outermost shell is 5s. Thus, 2 electrons are removed from that s orbital while 1 electron is removed from the d orbital. This leads to the electron configuration [Ar] 4d^5. Hope this helps.