Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

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JakeSaum_1A
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Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby JakeSaum_1A » Fri Oct 30, 2020 11:56 am

There was a homework problem that asked for the electron configuration of Si and the answer started off with [Ne]. Just curious, why not start off with [Al] (the element immediately preceding Si) so you only have to write [Al]3p2? Is there a rule against doing that?

Andrew Wang 1C
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Re: Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby Andrew Wang 1C » Fri Oct 30, 2020 11:59 am

Generally when shortening electron configuration, we would substitute the preceding noble gas, instead of the immediately preceding element. This allows us to see the electrons in the highest energy level (valence electrons).

Kayla Booker 1F
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Re: Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby Kayla Booker 1F » Fri Oct 30, 2020 12:04 pm

It is because we are specifically using the noble gas configuration so you would use the most recent noble gas for your shorthand configuration in efforts to start with the highest amount of valence electrons, since they increase from left to right.

Margaret Xu 3C
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Re: Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby Margaret Xu 3C » Sat Oct 31, 2020 1:00 am

When a problem asks for shorthand electron configuration, I believe they are referring to noble gas configuration, which is why the shorthand of Si starts with the noble gas [Ne].

Kiyoka Kim 3C
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Re: Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby Kiyoka Kim 3C » Sat Oct 31, 2020 3:13 am

I think there's no rule against using the shorthand notation, but if the question is asking for the 'full' electron configuration I believe you would not use the shorthand notation.

Uyenvy Nguyen 1D
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Re: Electron Configuration Shorthand Question

Postby Uyenvy Nguyen 1D » Sat Oct 31, 2020 5:12 am

If the element before Si was a noble gas, we would use that element in the bracket, but since it is not a noble gas, we would use the noble gas that comes before Si, which is [Ne]. You don't have to write your electron configuration this way, but it does come in handy for an element like Lead, whose electron configuration is pretty long.


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