Atomic Radius

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Atomic Radius

Postby tiffanyteguh1C » Tue Oct 31, 2017 4:13 am

Can someone please explain why the radius of the atom of a lithium that undergoes a transition from the 2s orbital to the 2p orbital increases? This question was taken from 2.33(d) on the homework. I assumed that since Lithium is moving towards the p-block the atomic radius would decrease based on the trend that atomic radius decreases going from left to right.

Kyra LeRoy 1E
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby Kyra LeRoy 1E » Tue Oct 31, 2017 1:41 pm

It goes from 1s to 2p in the question, and as you go down the periodic table it increases. In this case the increase downwards must be greater than the decrease to the right.

Jessica Nunez 1I
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby Jessica Nunez 1I » Tue Oct 31, 2017 11:40 pm

To add on, the atomic radius increases down a group because electrons occupy sub-shells with increasing quantum number, which suggests that the atomic radius increases as the quantum number increases.

Madeline Musselman 3H
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby Madeline Musselman 3H » Wed Nov 01, 2017 4:12 pm

The trend of atomic radius on the periodic table is that as you go from left to right along the period, the atomic radius gets smaller. On the other hand, as you move down a group on the periodic table, the atomic radius gets larger. Therefore, He has the smallest atomic radius and Fr has the largest atomic radius.

Sabrina Dunbar 1I
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby Sabrina Dunbar 1I » Wed Nov 01, 2017 9:30 pm

When the electron jumps from the 2s orbital to the 2p orbital, it occupies a shell further from the nucleus, resulting in a higher atomic radius. It transforms to be more similar to the atoms in the p block that we know are larger than the s block atoms.

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