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Atomic Radius

Posted: Mon Oct 21, 2019 6:59 pm
by xenamclean_1G
What is the difference between the atomic, covalent and ionic radii? I know they show the same trends, but what is the difference between them?

Re: Atomic Radius

Posted: Mon Oct 21, 2019 7:44 pm
by kim 2I
An atomic radius is defined as half the distance between the centers of neighboring atoms. This inclues both ionic and covalent radii as well. A covalent radius is specifically referring to two atoms joined by a chemical bond while an ionic radius refers to the distance between neighboring ions in an ionic solid.

Re: Atomic Radius

Posted: Mon Oct 21, 2019 8:25 pm
by KnarGeghamyan1B
The atomic radius is half the diameter of a neutral atom while the ionic radius pertains to the radius of the cation and anion in an ionic bond. They tend to be larger for anions and smaller for cations.

Re: Atomic Radius

Posted: Mon Oct 21, 2019 8:27 pm
by Sydney Myers 4I
One difference between atomic and covalent radii versus ionic radii is that when we measure an ionic radius, it's more complicated than simply dividing the distance between the nuclei of two atoms in the ionic bond because they are of different size. Also, the ionic radius of, for example, chlorine, will be different from its atomic radius because it has another electron and it will be larger.