Periodic Table trends

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RBergtraun_3A
Posts: 41
Joined: Wed Feb 20, 2019 12:15 am

Periodic Table trends

Postby RBergtraun_3A » Tue Oct 22, 2019 12:02 am

Hey guys, I'm not quite grasping the point of the differentiation between the s-block p-block and d-block. Thanks!

Mashkinadze_1D
Posts: 87
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby Mashkinadze_1D » Tue Oct 22, 2019 1:03 am

These all correlate to the quantum number of l. This is simply how they are shown on the periodic table. The connection between the two is seen!

Amy Pham 1D
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Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby Amy Pham 1D » Tue Oct 22, 2019 1:50 am

The s-, p-, d-, and f- orbitals designate the shapes of the mathematical functions predicting the locations of electrons in atoms. The s- orbital has a spherical shape with no nodal planes and symmetric distribution, the p-orbital has two lobes on either side of the nucleus, d- orbital has three 4-lobed shapes, 1 with electrons along the XY axis and 1 with electrons located along the Z axis and donut in the XY plane, and the f- orbital has 7 more complicated shapes.

Rida Ismail 2E
Posts: 106
Joined: Sat Sep 07, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby Rida Ismail 2E » Tue Oct 22, 2019 8:14 am

The biggest difference is their shape and their ability to hold e-. The s-orbital can only hold 2 e-. The p-orbital can only only 6 e-. The d-orbital can only hold 10 e-. The f-block can hold 14 e-. In the ground state of an atom, the electrons must fill up all spots in lower energy levels before moving up in energy levels

J Medina 2I
Posts: 78
Joined: Wed Sep 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby J Medina 2I » Tue Oct 22, 2019 9:02 am

Rida Ismail 1H wrote:The biggest difference is their shape and their ability to hold e-. The s-orbital can only hold 2 e-. The p-orbital can only only 6 e-. The d-orbital can only hold 10 e-. The f-block can hold 14 e-. In the ground state of an atom, the electrons must fill up all spots in lower energy levels before moving up in energy levels


The idea that electrons of an atom in the ground state must fill up all spots in lower energy levels before before moving up in energy levels is called the Aufbau principle.

Michelle N - 2C
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Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:19 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby Michelle N - 2C » Tue Oct 22, 2019 9:25 pm

s-, p-, d-, and f-orbitals all basically coordinate based on the number of nodal planes, the number of electrons that they can hold, and their shape. If you search up a periodic table with the blocks in place, you can see how the electrons fill out the orbitals based on its levels, and so forth.

RBergtraun_3A
Posts: 41
Joined: Wed Feb 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby RBergtraun_3A » Sun Oct 27, 2019 3:59 pm

Amy Pham 1B wrote:The s-, p-, d-, and f- orbitals designate the shapes of the mathematical functions predicting the locations of electrons in atoms. The s- orbital has a spherical shape with no nodal planes and symmetric distribution, the p-orbital has two lobes on either side of the nucleus, d- orbital has three 4-lobed shapes, 1 with electrons along the XY axis and 1 with electrons located along the Z axis and donut in the XY plane, and the f- orbital has 7 more complicated shapes.


Thanks Amy, that put it very well!

RBergtraun_3A
Posts: 41
Joined: Wed Feb 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby RBergtraun_3A » Sun Oct 27, 2019 4:01 pm

Mashkinadze_1D wrote:These all correlate to the quantum number of l. This is simply how they are shown on the periodic table. The connection between the two is seen!


Not quite sure I understand l yet but thats a good piece of advice thank you.

Jessa Maheras 4F
Posts: 69
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby Jessa Maheras 4F » Sun Oct 27, 2019 7:15 pm

The s, p, and d block are each regions of the periodic table. The block an element belongs to determines the outermost orbital of an atom.

RBergtraun_3A
Posts: 41
Joined: Wed Feb 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby RBergtraun_3A » Sun Dec 01, 2019 12:31 pm

Rida Ismail 1H wrote:The biggest difference is their shape and their ability to hold e-. The s-orbital can only hold 2 e-. The p-orbital can only only 6 e-. The d-orbital can only hold 10 e-. The f-block can hold 14 e-. In the ground state of an atom, the electrons must fill up all spots in lower energy levels before moving up in energy levels

Thanks that explains it really well.

RBergtraun_3A
Posts: 41
Joined: Wed Feb 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby RBergtraun_3A » Sun Dec 01, 2019 12:32 pm

Michelle Nguyen - 3A wrote:s-, p-, d-, and f-orbitals all basically coordinate based on the number of nodal planes, the number of electrons that they can hold, and their shape. If you search up a periodic table with the blocks in place, you can see how the electrons fill out the orbitals based on its levels, and so forth.

For sure thanks!

RichBollini4G
Posts: 85
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:18 am

Re: Periodic Table trends

Postby RichBollini4G » Sat Dec 07, 2019 5:24 pm

Amy Pham 1B wrote:The s-, p-, d-, and f- orbitals designate the shapes of the mathematical functions predicting the locations of electrons in atoms. The s- orbital has a spherical shape with no nodal planes and symmetric distribution, the p-orbital has two lobes on either side of the nucleus, d- orbital has three 4-lobed shapes, 1 with electrons along the XY axis and 1 with electrons located along the Z axis and donut in the XY plane, and the f- orbital has 7 more complicated shapes.

very helpful, thank you!


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