Ionization Energy

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EthanPham_1G
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Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:17 am

Ionization Energy

Postby EthanPham_1G » Thu Oct 24, 2019 11:18 pm

Why is the second ionization energy always much higher than the first ionization energy?

Jainam Shah 4I
Posts: 130
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby Jainam Shah 4I » Thu Oct 24, 2019 11:23 pm

Take an atom of any element. When you remove the one electron from that atom it becomes a positively charged cation. The nuclear charge is now stronger as we lost an electron and now the electrons are more closely attracted towards the nucleus. This stronger nuclear charge makes it harder to remove a second electron. When we have an atom with no net charge the outermost electrons aka the valence electrons are shielded from the nuclear charge by the inner electrons. This makes it so that removing the first electron isn't as hard as the second. The second electron, however, will now be more strongly attracted to the nucleus. Thus, it requires much for energy input to be removed.

Andrew Liang 1I
Posts: 105
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:18 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby Andrew Liang 1I » Thu Oct 24, 2019 11:26 pm

The ionization energy to remove the second electron is always higher than removing the first because without 1 extra electron there is less electron repulsion and electrons are more attracted to the positive charge of the nucleus.

Tiffany Vo 3G
Posts: 52
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby Tiffany Vo 3G » Thu Oct 24, 2019 11:28 pm

I think the second ionization energy is higher than the first ionization energy because there's more effective nuclear charge. (I might be wrong though).

Pipiena Malafu 3J
Posts: 39
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby Pipiena Malafu 3J » Fri Oct 25, 2019 9:12 am

Given that there are usually the same amount of electrons (e-) as protons (p+) in an element, if you remove one electron the proton will want more an e- more and thus there more energy is generated due to the pull of p+. However, once you remove two e- but maintain the same amount of p+, now you have protons that want e- even more and thus the energy is higher.

kristi le 2F
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby kristi le 2F » Fri Oct 25, 2019 11:32 pm

Also, electron repulsion before the first electron was removed helps keep the ionization energy lower. Once the first electron is removed, there will be less electron repulsion, so the electron will be even harder to remove.

Viviana Velasquez
Posts: 97
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby Viviana Velasquez » Sat Oct 26, 2019 5:55 pm

The ionization energy of the second electron is always higher because when you remove an electron, the pull between protons and electrons become stronger (requiring more energy to remove)

605208780
Posts: 50
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Ionization Energy

Postby 605208780 » Tue Dec 03, 2019 12:54 pm

the second ionization energy of Mg is larger than the first because it takes more energy to remove an electron from a positively charged ion than from a neutral atom


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