Electron Affinity

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Frederick Keith_4C
Posts: 65
Joined: Thu Sep 26, 2019 12:19 am

Electron Affinity

Postby Frederick Keith_4C » Sun Oct 27, 2019 12:38 pm

So the electron affinity of an element is the energy released when an electron is added to a gas phase atom. So my question is when doing calculations to determine the electron affinity of an element, what is the difference between a positive and negative electron affinity? What do they mean?

philipraj_1F
Posts: 52
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby philipraj_1F » Sun Oct 27, 2019 12:39 pm

When its negative energy is released when an electron is added and when its positive energy is gained when an electron is added

Aarushi Solanki 4F
Posts: 107
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby Aarushi Solanki 4F » Sun Oct 27, 2019 12:43 pm

When electron affinity is negative, it indicates that energy was released which means an electron was added. When electron affinity is positive, it indicates that energy was absorbed, which is required when actually producing an anion.

Ashley R 1A
Posts: 41
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby Ashley R 1A » Sun Oct 27, 2019 4:18 pm

To add on to this, if it helps you to visualize it, the equation for electron affinity is the energy of the atom minus the energy of the anion. Therefore, having a positive electron affinity shows that energy is released when an e- is added to an atom. Then, when the electron affinity is negative, it means there isn't enough energy to add the e-, so energy must be supplied to force an e- onto an atom.

Abigail_Hagen2G
Posts: 107
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby Abigail_Hagen2G » Sun Oct 27, 2019 8:48 pm

Okay, that makes more sense.

Amanda Ung 4D
Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby Amanda Ung 4D » Sun Oct 27, 2019 9:19 pm

A negative electron affinity signifies a release of energy (exothermic reaction) and a positive electron affinity means more energy is needed than gained when adding the electron.

Nick Lewis 4F
Posts: 111
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:18 am

Re: Electron Affinity

Postby Nick Lewis 4F » Sun Oct 27, 2019 11:32 pm

How can they measure the electron affinity? The way I think of it, I thought it was just described as how badly an atom wants to gain an electron. SO it takes less energy to add one as you move across the periodic table cause it gets closer to filling the octet. How can there be a negative energy?


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