Formula Units  [ENDORSED]

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Formula Units

Postby monikac4k » Mon Oct 01, 2018 4:21 pm

While working on the textbook problems, I came across problems asking for formula units. I am still confused about what a formula unit is. Can somebody please explain it to me and how to find it?

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Re: Formula Units  [ENDORSED]

Postby Chem_Mod » Mon Oct 01, 2018 5:52 pm

I will cover this in class.

Molecular formulas refer to molecules.
Formula units refer to salts.

For example NaCl is the formula unit for table salt.
One cannot refer to NaCl as a molecular formula becasue NaCl is not a molecule.

Riya Shah 4H
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Re: Formula Units

Postby Riya Shah 4H » Wed Oct 03, 2018 12:28 pm

So when we say 2NaCl we are referring to 2 formula units of NaCl? Calculating formula units is a little confusing too. Could someone please explain it?

Kayla Vo 1B
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Re: Formula Units

Postby Kayla Vo 1B » Wed Oct 03, 2018 1:41 pm

Correct. 2NaCl would mean that there are 2 formula units of NaCl. You usually first calculate the number of moles (divide the mass of the sample by the molar mass) and then multiply it by Avogadro's number (6.022 x 10^23) to calculate the number of formula units. This procedure is the same as if you were asked to find the number of molecules of water in a given mass of water (convert mass to moles and then to molecules) but the units are just a little different.

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