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A mole is a unit of measurement that tells you how much of that element is needed to have 6.02 x 10^23 atoms of that element. The molar mass of each element that is listed on the periodic table is the amount in grams of that element needed to obtain that certain amount of atoms.
So 1 mol is equal to 6.02 x 10^23 atoms of whatever element you have. It is a standard unit used to simplify and streamline calculations. (Even if it doesn't seem so helpful now) For example, one mol of Carbon is 6.02 x 10^23 individual atoms of Carbon. Now we combine this with the molar mass of Carbon which is around 12 grams/mol, which is also the same as saying 6.02 x 10^23 atoms of Carbon will weigh about 12 grams. Hope this helps!
A mole is a unit of measurement similar to a dozen. When you say you have a dozen of something, you have 12 of it. When you say you have a mole of something, it means there are 6.022*10^23 of it
When you look on the periodic table and see the mass of one carbon mole (12.011g) or another element, the number just means essentially how much mass a mole of that element is. One mole of carbon by itself is 12.011 grams, for example. it is just a simplified unit of measurement.
I find it easy to think of moles when I think of them in something other than a chemistry example. When I think about them as strictly just being a unit of measurement for anything, such as fruit, then the idea becomes simpler.
Yes that's right. You can check if you're doing the right thing by writing out the dimensional analysis. Start with grams and multiply by mols/gram. Just like multiplying fractions, the grams in both cancel out and you are left with moles. To convert from moles to grams, you would instead multiply by grams/mol.
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