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Further, when an atom absorbs energy its electrons jump up to higher energy levels in by quantized amounts, going up in specific levels through the electron orbitals. So yes, electrons of excited atoms gain energy.
Additionally, electrons can only absorb or emit certain discrete packets, or quanta, of energy. This means that only when an electron absorbs a certain amount of energy will it jump up to the next energy level. And since electrons can only emit certain amounts of energy, they will only emit the specific corresponding wavelengths of light.
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