## Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

Angel Khokhar 3G
Posts: 3
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

### Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

What is the minimum uncertainty in the speed of an electron confined to within a lead atom of diameter 350. pm? How would you model the atom as a one-dimensional box with a length equal to the diameter of the actual atom?

Shrita Pendekanti 4B
Posts: 22
Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

So to solve this problem, you first use Heisenberg's Indeterminacy Equation, which looks like the following:

Delta p x Delta x >= h/(4pi)

The question gives us the uncertainty in position (Delta x) by stating the diameter of the lead atom, 350 pm. Because we want to keep our units to meters, we make this 3.50 x 10^-10 m.

Now, we only have one unknown: Delta p, or the uncertainty in momentum. To find this, we plug all known values into the Heisenberg equation and solve for Delta p like this:

Delta p = 6.63x10^-34/ (4pi x 3.50x10^-10m)

Once you get p, plug that value into the equation Delta p = mass x Delta velocity to get your answer.

Note: Make sure you are careful about using parentheses, especially when doing so much multiplication and division, because not doing that messed me up a few times!

Ana Pedreros
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:19 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

how would you model the atom in the second part of this question?

DavidEcheverri3J
Posts: 36
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

you could draw a square with the perimeter of the square representing the shell or orbit of an atom and putting an electron there, which would symbolize a potential place where the electron can be.

Janelle Magaling 3L
Posts: 11
Joined: Thu Oct 04, 2018 12:16 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

What would be the mass for delta p = mass * delta v??

Jeremy_Guiman2E
Posts: 82
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:29 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

You would just use the mass of an electron, which is m = 9.109 383 × 10−31 kg. Hope this helps!

Camille 4I
Posts: 57
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:18 am

### Re: Speed of an Electron (hw 1.43)

Hi, I have been solving for delta p with this equation: (6.62607x10^-34)/(4pi)(350x10^-12) and then using this answer in the equation delta P=mv. However, my answer continues to be 1.63x10^6. What could I be doing wrong?