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Covalent Character?

Posted: Sun May 20, 2018 10:42 pm
by Rebecca Chu 1C
Okay so I know that ionic bonds exhibit covalent character, but what exactly is the covalent character that it exhibits? And what constitutes a bond with a "more covalent character" than another? Also, if an ionic bond exhibits a covalent character, how do I differentiate whether a bond is ionic with covalent character or just a covalent bond?

Re: Covalent Character?

Posted: Sun May 20, 2018 11:16 pm
by danielruiz1G
Covalent character is shown by electronegativity or how much an atom attracts electron pairs to it.

Re: Covalent Character?

Posted: Sun May 20, 2018 11:32 pm
by Bianca Nguyen 1B
I think that what we mean when we say that an ionic bond has covalent character is that the electrons are more likely to be pulled into the bonding region where they can be shared between the two nuclei. An ionic bond with more covalent character will have more distorted electrons (meaning that the atomic radius of one atom, in this case the anion, will be bigger, and thus the electrons will be able to move to one side more easily) and will be more polarizable. Something with greater covalent character will have lower ionic character as its electronegativity will be lower. For example, Na+Br- has higher covalent character and lower ionic character than Na+Cl- because it is more likely to share its electrons, and thus has a lower electronegativity difference than Na+Cl- which has a greater electronegativity difference.

Re: Covalent Character?

Posted: Thu May 24, 2018 11:56 pm
by Karyn Nguyen 1K
Just to clarify, something has greater covalent character if its electronegativity is lower and has a bigger atomic radius?