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Gallium

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2018 8:41 pm
by sonalivij
Why is the most likely charge of Gallium Ga3+?

Re: Gallium

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2018 8:49 pm
by Michael Novelo 4G
The electron configuration for Ga(3+) would be [Ar]3d^10 since the configuration of Ga is [Ar]3d^10 4s^2 4p^1 and we are removing 3 electrons the 4s^2 and 4p^1 are the ones removed.

Re: Gallium

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2018 9:12 pm
by 2c_britneyly
The most likely charge is 3+ because atoms always try to reach their most stable state. For gallium, it's easier for it to become stable by giving up three electrons rather than receiving 5 electrons to complete its 4p shell. That's why most of the elements on the left side of the periodic table give up electrons instead of receiving them.

Re: Gallium

Posted: Fri Nov 02, 2018 9:17 pm
by sonalivij
Why would gallium not have a full s-shell instead by losing one electron, instead of trying to get a full d shell by losing 3 electrons?