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electronegativity difference

Posted: Sun Nov 04, 2018 9:47 pm
by sarahtang4B
on homework question 2.d.5 it asks if CO2 or CS2 is more covalent and on the periodic table these elements are all relatively close to each other so how we we know which is more ionic without being given a chart with their electronegativities?

Re: electronegativity difference

Posted: Sun Nov 04, 2018 10:01 pm
by 405112316
If you look at a periodic table that includes electronegativity of atoms, you can calculate the electronegativity difference between the 2 bonding atoms and determine which molecule is more electronegative.
C - 2.55
S - 2.58
O - 3.44

There is a greater difference between C and O, making CO2 more electronegative.

Re: electronegativity difference

Posted: Sun Nov 04, 2018 11:49 pm
by Tessa Lawler 1A
This is kind of a tricky one. In determining which molecule is more covalent, you do want to look to electronegativity, but almost more importantly, you want to look to the proximity of the atoms in the molecule. The closer the electronegativity values of the atoms in the molecule are to one another, the more covalent the molecule's bonds will be. We can say that C and O are only two elements apart, but C and S are three. Since C and O are closer together and share closer values of electronegativity, I would say that their molecule is the most covalent.
It doesn't necessarily have to do with how electronegative the atoms are, but rather how electronegative they are to one another.

Re: electronegativity difference

Posted: Sun Nov 04, 2018 11:52 pm
by Roberto Gonzalez 1L
If the difference in electronegativity of a molecule falls between 2 and 1.5 would it be necessary to classify said bond as a covalent bond with ionic characteristics or would it simply be a covalent bond?

Re: electronegativity difference

Posted: Tue Nov 06, 2018 10:35 am
by megan blatt 2B
I believe that if the electronegativity difference falls between 1.5 and 2, that it is a case by case basis. I think that depending on which types of elements are involved in the bond (metal, metalloid, nonmetal) you can determine whether it is ionic or covalent. If it is covalent, it will very likely be polar given that it is pretty close to becoming ionic. In fact, whenever there is a bond that is between two different elements, there will be some form of polarity or uneven distribution of electron density even if it is so small that it can not be easily detected.