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Distortion is when the shape of the electron cloud of an atom is changed due to attraction from another atom. If an atom is highly polarizable, that means that its electron cloud can be distorted easily by a polarizing atom.
Without the interactions of other atoms/molecules, the arrangement of electrons within the electron cloud would be symmetrical. Since the force is introduced, the electron cloud can be distorted, meaning it is shifted to one side. Depending on which atom has the stronger polarizing power or polarizability, the electron cloud shape can change.
Distortion is a trend that happens when a highly polarizable atom is affected by a polarizing atom. The attraction results in the electron cloud to be shifted and misshaped. Also, if one is "highly polarizable", it is more likely to be distorted and affected by another atom.
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