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Cations form when an atom loses at least one electron, which results in a positive charge. These occur in metals, which typically have between 1-3 valence electrons. These elements lose electrons to become more stable, as they reach a lower valence shell with 8 valence electrons. Nonmetals don't lose electrons to become cations because they typically have between 5-7 valence electrons before bonding, and thus need to gain electrons to form a completely filled valence shell with 8 electrons.
Nonmetals do not form cations because they are more electronegative than metals and attract electrons more strongly/readily, since they want to gain electrons to fill their octet. Metals also hold their valence electrons more loosely (which is why they're better conductors of electricity), so it is easier for metals to form cations.
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