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Like the previous replies have said, expanded octets can occur in elements of row 3 and beyond. When checking for resonance and finding the lowest energy structure, make sure to calculate formal charge along with the bonding as ti will help you reach the final stage where resonance can be examined.
All elements past row three because they have the extra d-orbital space. P, Cl and S were the beginning of this exception and I think these are the most important ones to remember. And then boron and aluminum can be stable without a full octet.
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