Likely Charge for Ions to Form

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Vanessa Chuang 4F
Posts: 51
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:18 am

Likely Charge for Ions to Form

Postby Vanessa Chuang 4F » Tue Oct 29, 2019 11:11 pm

How do you know the most likely charge for an ion to form? Are there any rules to follow regarding ion formation? For example for question 2A.15 d, the question asks what is the most likely charge for the ion of Ga is? I'm a little confused as to why the answer is +3.
Thank you!

Justin Sarquiz 2F
Posts: 106
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Likely Charge for Ions to Form

Postby Justin Sarquiz 2F » Tue Oct 29, 2019 11:17 pm

First, you want to determine how many valence electrons the element has. Since Ga has 3 valence electrons, Ga wants to lose 3 electrons to fulfill the octet rule giving it a +3 charge. Another example is Fluorine. Fluorine has 7 valence electrons. Therefore, Fluorine wants to gain 1 more electron to fulfill the octet rule giving it a -1 charge. Sodium has 1 valence electron, so Sodium wants to lose that 1 electron to fulfill the octet rule giving Sodium a +1 charge.

Joanne Lee 1J
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Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Likely Charge for Ions to Form

Postby Joanne Lee 1J » Wed Oct 30, 2019 3:06 pm

The most likely charge for an atom to form is based on the number of valence electrons of each element. For example, Na has one valence electron so it would be more likely to give that one electron up than try and collect seven more. Therefore it has a likely charge of +1. On the other hand, P has five valence electrons and it is more likely that they will try and gain three electrons than give five electrons. Therefore it has a likely charge of -3.

Ashley Tran 2I
Posts: 108
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Likely Charge for Ions to Form

Postby Ashley Tran 2I » Wed Oct 30, 2019 3:14 pm

An easy trick to remember is to count the groups across the period table, disregarding the transition metals, the order is +1,+2,+3 the 4th group is "neutral" then -3,-2,-1, noble gases don't form ions.


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