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Homework 2A.9

Posted: Sun Nov 03, 2019 7:45 pm
by KTran 1I
Which M^2+ ions (where M is a metal) are predicted to have the following ground-state electron configurations?
(a) [Ar]3d^7
(b) [Ar]3d^6

The answer in the solutions manual is (a) Co^2+ and (b) Fe^2+, but can someone explain how to get these answers?

Re: Homework 2A.9

Posted: Sun Nov 03, 2019 7:54 pm
by KarineKim2L
When removing electrons from an atom to form an ion, you remove from the 4s orbital first. Thus, the 2+ ion electron configuration for Co^2+ and Fe^2+ would be a) and b) respectively, as the electrons in the 4s orbital are removed.

Re: Homework 2A.9

Posted: Sun Nov 03, 2019 7:57 pm
by ckilkeary 2G
We know that these are ions that have had two electrons taken away because their charge is 2+. So we can add those ions back to the electron configuration, but we have to keep in mind that the two electrons were likely taken from the 4s subshell since 4s has to be filled before we start adding to the 3d orbitals but 4s is a lesser energy orbital once 3d starts filling up so its the outermost shell. So the neutral element's atom would be a) [Ar] 3d^7 4s^2 and b) [Ar] 3d^6 4s^2.
Counting on the periodic table we know that Co corresponds to a) and Fe corresponds to b). So the M^2+ ions are a) Co^2+ and b) Fe^2+