Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

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Isis_DW_3G
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Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Isis_DW_3G » Wed Nov 04, 2020 2:24 pm

Can someone give a quick rundown of the differences between ionic and covalent bonds?
Thanks!

Nane Onanyan 1G
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Nane Onanyan 1G » Wed Nov 04, 2020 2:27 pm

Ionic bonds are between nonmetals and metals. They involve a TRANSFER of electrons. So atoms either fully gain or lose electrons.
Covalent bonds are between nonmetals and nonmetals. These involve SHARING of electrons.
Both are similar in that they lead to creation of stable molecules.

Melis Kasaba 2B
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Melis Kasaba 2B » Wed Nov 04, 2020 2:32 pm

In ionic bonds, one atom donates an electron to stabilize another atom. This happens between metals and nonmetals that have different electronegativity values from each other. (Electronegativity measures how strongly atoms attract bonding electrons to themselves.)

In covalent bonds, the atoms are bound by sharing electrons. This occurs between two nonmetals. In a true covalent bond, they have the same electronegativity, but often the electronegativities just need to be relatively close. Covalent bonds can also be polar or nonpolar. Polar covalent bonds result from an electron being attracted to one atom more than the other (ex: H20) while nonpolar covalent bonds form when the electron is shared equally between the atoms.

Neel Bonthala 2G
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Neel Bonthala 2G » Wed Nov 04, 2020 2:42 pm

It's also important to note that because metals give up an electron and nonmetals gain an electron during ionic bonding, they gain charges! But in covalent bonding, while there might be shifts in polarity, the atoms involved are not ionized. Some common differences between ionic bonds and covalent bonds are that ionic bonds are readily dissociated in aqueous environments and can conduct electricity when dissolved. Additionally, they have higher melting points compared to covalent bonds.

Meredith2E
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Meredith2E » Wed Nov 04, 2020 3:03 pm

Literally the main difference that I remember them by is that ionic bonds mean atoms transfer electrons to one another while covalent bonds share the electrons. One like to give and the others like to play nice and share. (The most basic rundown lol)

AustinMcBrideDis3L
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby AustinMcBrideDis3L » Wed Nov 04, 2020 3:22 pm

Ionic bonds typically occur between a metal and a non-metal. One atom "donates" or "loses" electrons and the other atom snatches them up and completes the bond. In covalent bonds the electrons are shared amongst the atoms involved.

YUNALEE
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby YUNALEE » Wed Nov 04, 2020 3:53 pm

Think of it as covalent is sharing electrons because co
Ionic is transfer of electrons

Monica Soliman 3F
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Monica Soliman 3F » Wed Nov 04, 2020 8:23 pm

Covalent bond: formed by sharing of electrons between atoms
ionic bond: electrostatic interaction between two ions by transfer of an electron from one atom to another.

Jason_Glass_2L
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Jason_Glass_2L » Wed Nov 04, 2020 9:31 pm

A good way to remember the difference is to think of a covalent bond like a COUPLE in a relationship, because you have to share. But for an ionic bond, you are INDIVIDUALS, so you don't want to share and keep everything for yourself.

Jasraj Parmar 3H
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Jasraj Parmar 3H » Wed Nov 04, 2020 11:24 pm

The main difference really is ionic bonds are the transfer of electrons. While on the other hand, covalent bonds are the sharing of electrons.

Jasmine Yi 1G
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Re: Ionic v. Covalent Bonds`

Postby Jasmine Yi 1G » Thu Nov 05, 2020 11:07 pm

I believe that ionic bonds transfer electrons but the atoms remain bonded due to the resulting difference in charge between the two atoms.


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