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Covalent or Ionic?

Posted: Fri May 25, 2018 3:51 pm
by Fiona Grant 1I
I was wondering how sigma and pi bonds fit in with covalent and ionic bonding? Do they only occur in one or the other, or can they be present in any type of bond?

Re: Covalent or Ionic?

Posted: Fri May 25, 2018 3:52 pm
by Natalie Noble 1G
Only covalent bonds have sigma and pi bonds, as covalent bonds are formed by the overlapping of orbitals (sharing electrons). There has to be covalent bonding to have this overlap which is characterized by sigma and pi bonds. Ionic bonds do not have sigma and pi bonds because ionic bonds are NOT formed by sharing electrons, so they do not have overlapping orbitals.