Sigma and pi bonds and hybridization

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Krista Mercado 1B
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

Sigma and pi bonds and hybridization

Postby Krista Mercado 1B » Sun Nov 25, 2018 2:43 am

What is the relationship between sigma/pi bonds and hybridization?

Andrea Zheng 1H
Posts: 61
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

Re: Sigma and pi bonds and hybridization

Postby Andrea Zheng 1H » Sun Nov 25, 2018 12:25 pm

Molecules that undergo hybridization will still follow the rules we learned before about sigma and pi bonds. For a single bond (ex: C 2sp3 - H 1s in CH4), there would be a single bond between the atoms and thus a sigma bond between the atoms. For a double bond (ex: C double bond C in C2H4), there would be a pi bond present, as the there is a C sp2 - C sp2 sigma bond and a C sp - C sp pi bond between the unhybridized orbitals on each C.

Sean_Rodriguez_1J
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:17 am

Re: Sigma and pi bonds and hybridization

Postby Sean_Rodriguez_1J » Sun Nov 25, 2018 12:44 pm

Sigma and pi bonds are ways to describe bonds that form in molecules, and knowing where a sigma or a pi bond will be can help us predict orbital hybridization. A single bond is a sigma bond, a double bond is a pi-bond and a sigma bond, and a triple bond is a sigma bond plus two pi bonds. This hybridization also closely relates with VSEPR structures so it is important to know the relation between the two (ex. the C atom in HCOOH is bonded to three atoms in a trigonal planar arrangement, making it sp2 hybridized).


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