Sigma vs pi bond

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Sigma vs pi bond

Postby Ami_Pant_4G » Sun Nov 10, 2019 9:18 pm

What is the difference between a sigma bond and a pi bond? Also, what does it mean that a pi bond is unhybridized?

Anna Chen 1K
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Re: Sigma vs pi bond

Postby Anna Chen 1K » Sun Nov 10, 2019 9:33 pm

Sigma bonds are formed by end-to-end overlapping of atomic orbitals; pi bonds are formed when the lobe of one atomic orbital overlaps another.

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Re: Sigma vs pi bond

Postby chrisleung-2J » Sun Nov 10, 2019 9:37 pm

Sigma bonds are the first bond that forms between two atoms, while any subsequent bonds that form are classified as π bonds.

Kaylee Sepulveda 4G
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Re: Sigma vs pi bond

Postby Kaylee Sepulveda 4G » Sun Nov 10, 2019 9:40 pm

Only p orbitals can form π bonds and σ bonds are formed by the overlap of atomic orbitals over the internuclear axis. π bonds are oriented perpendicularly to the internuclear axis.

S and P orbitals can form different hybridizations,
s + p → sp
s + p + p → sp²
s + p + p + p → sp³

Overlapping hybridized orbitals form a σ bond
pi bond.png
Pi Bond
pi bond.png (3.21 KiB) Viewed 74 times
sigma bond.png
Sigma Bond
sigma bond.png (3.38 KiB) Viewed 74 times
sigma and pi bonds.gif
Pi and Sigma Bonds
sigma and pi bonds.gif (3.32 KiB) Viewed 74 times

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